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Reference Specimens
The Daunis Collection

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Photos by Fabre Minerals. Under Creative Commons license

On this page we have shown a good representation of the specimens from the Lluís Daunis Collection that, because of their quality, rarity or interesting locality, we wish to maintain on our web site as reference specimens although they have been sold.

Carles Curto Text: Carles Curto (formerly curator of the Geology Museum, Barcelona) & Jordi Fabre
Assistance from John S. White (former Smithsonian curator) John S. White

 


      Lluís Daunis Montada (1916-1979) began his passion for mineralogy when elderly, as a family father, and his love was due in large part to the love he always had for the mountains, wanting to spend as much time as possible in contact with Nature.
      Self taught, he learned by buying books and meeting in his spare time with the collectors and merchants of the time: Joaquín Folch, Josep Cervelló, Enric Kucera, Soler i Pujol (Josep Palaus), S.E.C. (Suministros Escolares y Científicos), Figueras...
      He began to gather his first minerals on weekends in outings to localities near Barcelona, and gradually expanded his range of action in Catalonia and then also throughout Spain, taking advantage of summer and Easter vacations. He was fortunate to live the golden age of searching for minerals (Montseny, Sierra de Madrid, Sallent de Gállego, Eugui...) and also had the success of being a great searcher. He was always accompanied by his wife Maria Ruscalleda and during many years also by his daughter Núria, to whom he passed his hobby, so that the two became his best and most faithful collaborators.
      He was well known to have obtained very good Catalan specimens, being one of the pioneers in locating and finding good pieces of amethyst in Montseny, in the Les Mallorquines area, long before the modern discoveries, as well as very good examples of Quartz and Feldspars from both Catalonia and the Sierra de Madrid as well as Huesca.
      Unfortunately he could never realize his dream: to retire and to devote all his time to minerals. He wanted to get started in microscope photography and also wanted to better document and organize the collection, but a disease took him at 63 years of age.
      His wife Maria Ruscalleda maintained and expanded the collection until the last years of her life and passed it on to her daughter
Núria, who has kept it until the end of 2017.

Núria Daunis

 

Lluís Daunis and his wife Maria Ruscalleda

Lluís Daunis with his wife Maria Ruscalleda in 1972 in an exceptional geode in the Madrid mountain range that produced more than 25 boxes of specimens of Quartz and Orthoclase and in which they were finding more samples throughout several years.
Photo: Núria Daunis

 

Quartz amethyst
Beryl aquamarine
Quartz

 

Spain


Andalusie

Scheelite
Scheelite. Front
Front
Scheelite. Side
Side
Scheelite. Side
Side
Scheelite

DV50AF8: Complete floater crystal with some well defined faces and edges and parallel, polycrystalline and rough growths. It is transparent, very bright and has a honey-yellow color. A Spanish classic, very hard to find today.
We’ll send to the buyer an old commercial label that is with the sample.
Conchita Mine, Puerto del Lentisco-Arroyo Bosquecillo, Estepona, Comarca Costa del Sol Occidental, Málaga, Andalusia  Spain

Specimen size: 3.3 × 2.7 × 2.2 cm = 1.3” × 1.1” × 0.9”

Extremely fluorescent short UV

With handwritten note Daunis Collection


Asturias

Fluorite

DB16AF9: Druse of cubic fluorite crystals on matrix. They are very transparent and have a neat geometric color zoning, very intense and deep violet on the edges and colorless in the rest of the crystals.
Josefa-Veneros vein, Coroña de Arriba-La Collada, La Collada mining area, Siero, Comarca Oviedo, Asturias, Principality of Asturias  Spain (± 1970)

Specimen size: 4.9 × 2.9 × 2.7 cm = 1.9” × 1.1” × 1.1”

Main crystal size: 1.2 × 0.9 cm = 0.5” × 0.4”

Former collection of Lluís Daunis

Fluorite.

Cantabria

Hemimorphite
Hemimorphite.
Hemimorphite

DM11AH5: Botryoidal Hemimorphite growths on matrix that have a very intense blue color that resembles the best samples from the famous Sa Duchessa mine in Sardinia. Very unusual for the locality.
Reocín Mine, Reocín, Comarca Saja-Nansa, Cantabria  Spain

Specimen size: 3.6 × 3.5 × 2.1 cm = 1.4” × 1.4” × 0.8”

With handwritten note Daunis Collection


Castilla-La Mancha

Cinnabar with Calcite and Dolomite

DT50AG5: Crystals that have very well defined faces and edges and are translucent, very bright and have an extraordinary color, very vivid. They are on a matrix of black quartzite rock “roca frailesca” (rock of the friars), which is typical from there, with Dolomite and Calcite crystals. Of great quality for the locality due the special brightness of the crystals.
Almaden Mine, Almadén, Comarca Valle de Alcudia, Ciudad Real, Castilla-La Mancha  Spain

Specimen size: 7.9 × 4.8 × 3.5 cm = 3.1” × 1.9” × 1.4”

Main crystal size: 0.7 × 0.3 cm = 0.3” × 0.1”

Former collection of Lluís Daunis

Cinnabar with Calcite and Dolomite. Cinnabar with Calcite and Dolomite.
Cinnabar with Calcite and Dolomite. Cinnabar with Calcite and Dolomite.

Castilla-Leon

Quartz
Quartz. Front
Front
Quartz. Rear
Rear
Quartz

DY37AF8: Polycrystalline near parallel growth of Quartz (milky variety) crystals with a morphology that is well-known with the curious appellation “Artichoke quartz”. It has poorly developed prismatic faces and is translucent and bright.
The sample is from an exhausted classic Spanish locality and it is with a handwritten original label that we’ll send to the buyer.
Losacio, Comarca Tierra de Alba, Zamora, Castile and León  Spain

Specimen size: 14 × 6.8 × 6.3 cm = 5.5” × 2.7” × 2.5”

With handwritten note Daunis Collection


Catalonia

Silver with Calcite
Silver with Calcite

DR6AG5: Dendritic growths of Silver crystals included on a matrix with Calcite that has not been acid dipped. The sample is considerably ancient (1928), so it is a precursor of the modern finds in the mine. It is with an old label of the Antigua Casa Soler Pujol, in Barcelona.
Falset, Comarca Priorat, Tarragona, Catalonia  Spain (1928)

Specimen size: 5.1 × 3.5 × 3.3 cm = 2.0” × 1.4” × 1.3”

Main crystal size: 0.8 × 0.1 cm = 0.3” × 0.0”

With label from the Lluís Daunis Collection

Silver with Calcite. Silver with Calcite.
Quartz (variety smoky) with Albite
Quartz (variety smoky) with Albite. Front
Front
Quartz (variety smoky) with Albite. Rear
Rear

DV46AH5: Two isolated Quartz crystals (smoky variety) with very well defined faces and edges, transparent and bright, with a deep and uniform smoky color. They have grown on a matrix of Albite crystals.
The Daunis collection was, in the 70’s and the 80’s, a reference for the local prospectors of the Barcelona area.
La Arola, Comarca Osona, Girona/Gerona, Catalonia  Spain

Specimen size: 5.5 × 4.6 × 4.4 cm = 2.2” × 1.8” × 1.7”

Main crystal size: 4.7 × 1.7 cm = 1.9” × 0.7”

With copy of the handwritten note from the Daunis Collection

Microcline with Albite and Quartz
Microcline with Albite and Quartz

DE37AF9: Large group of sharp microcline crystals with very well defined faces and edges and a very well defined Manebach twin. It is with Albite and is coated by pinkish micro-crystalline Quartz that gives to it an unusual aspect, so unusual as the locality where it comes from.
La Arola, Comarca Osona, Girona/Gerona, Catalonia  Spain

Specimen size: 15 × 10.7 × 5.3 cm = 5.9” × 4.2” × 2.1”

Main crystal size: 5 × 4.3 cm = 2.0” × 1.7”

With handwritten note Daunis Collection

Microcline with Albite and Quartz. Microcline with Albite and Quartz.
Quartz (variety amethyst) on Quartz (variety smoky) and Microcline
Quartz (variety amethyst) on Quartz (variety smoky) and Microcline. Front
Front
Quartz (variety amethyst) on Quartz (variety smoky) and Microcline. Side
Side
Quartz (variety amethyst) on Quartz (variety smoky) and Microcline

DF87AF8: Scepter growth of an elongated crystal with polycrystalline surfaces, on smoky Quartz with a Microcline matrix. It is from the historic site at the Montseny massif where the first high quality amethysts were found decades before the most recent finds.
We’ll send to the buyer a digitalized copy of a single label, commonly covering a group of similar samples from the same locality.
Les Mallorquines, Sils, Comarca La Selva, Girona/Gerona, Catalonia  Spain

Specimen size: 8.2 × 3.3 × 2.8 cm = 3.2” × 1.3” × 1.1”

With copy of the handwritten note from the Daunis Collection

Baryte

DR14AH6: Very elongated and flattened barite crystals with very well defined faces and edges and excellent terminal faces, transparent, bright, with a very intense honey color and on matrix. A Catalan classic.
The Daunis collection was, in the 70’s and the 80’s, a reference for the local prospectors of the Barcelona area.
Osor Mines, Osor, Comarca La Selva, Girona/Gerona, Catalonia  Spain

Specimen size: 14.2 × 5.7 × 5.8 cm = 5.6” × 2.2” × 2.3”

Main crystal size: 1.8 × 0.6 cm = 0.7” × 0.2”

Minor fluorescence short UV

Former collection of Lluís Daunis

Baryte. Baryte.
Calcite
Calcite. Calcite.

DF16AH2: Group of white scalenohedral Calcite crystals with curved faces and edges coating a rocky matrix. The locality, well known half a year ago mainly for its coralloid Aragonite, is currently inaccessible.
The Daunis collection was, in the 70’s and the 80’s, a reference for the local prospectors of the Barcelona area.
Font de l'Home Mort, Les Encantades, Queralbs, Comarca Ripollès, Girona/Gerona, Catalonia  Spain

Specimen size: 10.7 × 8.2 × 6.2 cm = 4.2” × 3.2” × 2.4”

Main crystal size: 2 × 1.1 cm = 0.8” × 0.4”

Fluorescent long & short UV

Former collection of Lluís Daunis

Quartz with Clinochlore

DM13AH5: Very aerial group of Quartz crystals, one of them clearly dominant, extraordinarily transparent and bright and with small globular Clinochlore aggregates.
The Daunis collection was, in the 70’s and the 80’s, a reference for the local prospectors of the Barcelona area.
Llavorsí, Comarca Pallars Sobirà, Lleida/Lérida, Catalonia  Spain

Specimen size: 5.3 × 2.9 × 2.7 cm = 2.1” × 1.1” × 1.1”

Main crystal size: 3.8 × 1.3 cm = 1.5” × 0.5”

With copy of the handwritten note from the Daunis Collection

Quartz with Clinochlore. Front
Front
Quartz with Clinochlore. Rear
Rear

Madrid

Garnet with Quartz and Albite
Garnet with Quartz and Albite. Garnet with Quartz and Albite.

DY46AH6: Garnet (group) crystals with the forms of the dodecahedron and the trapezohedron, transparent, bright, with a very intense color at the base of a large transparent Quartz crystal and a group of Albite crystals. Very unusual for the locality.
The Daunis collection was, in the 70’s and the 80’s, a reference for the local prospectors of the Barcelona area.
Miraflores de la Sierra, Comarca Cuenca Alta del Manzanares, Madrid, Community of Madrid  Spain

Specimen size: 5.8 × 3.1 × 3.2 cm = 2.3” × 1.2” × 1.3”

Main crystal size: 0.4 × 0.3 cm = 0.2” × 0.1”

With handwritten note Daunis Collection


Navarre

Dolomite

DB28AG3: Group of very sharp rhombohedral crystals with interpenetration twins, transparent, very bright and with phantom growths that have a violet-gray color. A very fine Spanish classic.
Asturreta Quarry, El pozo, Eugui, Esteríbar, Comarca Auñamendi, Navarre  Spain (± 1970)

Specimen size: 6.2 × 3.8 × 3.8 cm = 2.4” × 1.5” × 1.5”

Main crystal size: 2.8 × 2.7 cm = 1.1” × 1.1”

Former collection of Lluís Daunis

Dolomite. Front
Front
Dolomite. Side
Side

Europe


Pyromorphite
Pyromorphite. Front
Front
Pyromorphite. Rear
Rear
Pyromorphite.

DM48AF4: Very aerial growths of elongated and slightly spindled crystals with very well defined terminal faces, very bright and with a good green-yellow color, typical at Les Farges.
The sample is from the Daunis collection, a reference for the local prospectors of the Barcelona area in the 70’s and the 80’s.
Mine des Farges (Les Farges Mine), Ussel, Corrèze, Nouvelle-Aquitaine  France

Specimen size: 6.6 × 3.3 × 1.8 cm = 2.6” × 1.3” × 0.7”

Main crystal size: 0.8 × 0.1 cm = 0.3” × 0.0”

Former collection of Lluís Daunis

Celestine with Sulfur
Celestine with Sulfur

DR87AF9: Druse of translucent and bright crystals with parallel and polycrystalline growths. They are on a matrix of volcanic tuff with native Sulfur crystals. An excellent Italian classic.
Racalmuto Mine, Racalmuto, Agrigento (Girgenti) Province, Sicily  Italy

Specimen size: 6.7 × 6.2 × 5.1 cm = 2.6” × 2.4” × 2.0”

Main crystal size: 2.6 × 1.1 cm = 1.0” × 0.4”

Intense fluorescence short UV & fluorescent long UV

With handwritten note Daunis Collection

Celestine with Sulfur. Celestine with Sulfur.
Sulfur with Celestine
Sulfur with Celestine. Sulfur with Celestine.

DC69AG3: Groups of Sulfur crystals with very well defined faces and edges, bright, between transparent and translucent, on matrix and with spheroidal aggregates of small white Celestine crystals.
Sicily  Italy

Specimen size: 12.8 × 8.7 × 7.2 cm = 5.0” × 3.4” × 2.8”

Main crystal size: 2.4 × 1.9 cm = 0.9” × 0.7”

Former collection of Lluís Daunis


America


Copper with Malachite
Copper with Malachite

DM12AG3: Fibrous Malachite aggregates with a silky luster coating a scoriaceous native Copper with dendritic growth fringes. We cannot offer to the buyer any more precise data about the locality than just “Arizona”, but possibly it is from the Ray Mine.
Arizona  USA

Specimen size: 10 × 6.8 × 3.7 cm = 3.9” × 2.7” × 1.5”

Main crystal size: 0.6 × 0.2 cm = 0.2” × 0.1”

With label from the Lluís Daunis Collection

Copper with Malachite. Copper with Malachite.
Copper with Malachite.
Quartz (variety amethyst)
Quartz (variety amethyst). Front
Front
Quartz (variety amethyst). Side
Side

DX46AG0: Group of transparent and bright crystals, some with a good length. Color zoning is present in some crystals and the color more dense and uniform in others, and with phantom growths. One of those not plentiful non-Spanish samples from the Daunis collection.
Piedra Parada (Las Vigas), Municipio Tatatila, Veracruz (Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave)  Mexico

Specimen size: 7.3 × 4.9 × 3.5 cm = 2.9” × 1.9” × 1.4”

Main crystal size: 4.2 × 1.2 cm = 1.7” × 0.5”

Former collection of Lluís Daunis

Pyrite

DF50AG9: Aggregate of extraordinarily bright cubic Pyrite crystals with finely striated surfaces beveled by pyritohedron faces. Yes, just a Huanzala Pyrite, but… what a great quality!
Huanzala Mine, Huallanca District, Dos de Mayo Province, Huánuco Department  Peru

Specimen size: 11.3 × 11.2 × 6.3 cm = 4.4” × 4.4” × 2.5”

Main crystal size: 3.9 × 3.9 cm = 1.5” × 1.5”

Former collection of Lluís Daunis

Pyrite. Pyrite.


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